The thyroid gland is a 2-inch butterfly-shaped organ located at the front of the neck. Though the thyroid is small, it’s a major gland in the endocrine system and affects nearly every organ in the body. It regulates fat and carbohydrate metabolism, respiration, body temperature, brain development, cholesterol levels, the heart and nervous system, blood calcium levels, menstrual cycles, skin integrity, and more.
The most common thyroid condition is hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid. Patients with hypothyroidism have a greater risk of cardiovascular disease than the risk associated with weight gain alone. Low levels of thyroid hormones lead to a higher blood lipid profile, increased blood pressure, and elevated levels of the amino acid homocysteine and the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein.
Hypothyroidism: The Most Common Thyroid Condition
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) accounts for the majority of cases of thyroid imbalance -- up to 80 percent according to some estimates. This condition occurs when your body produces too little thyroid hormone, leading to issues such as:
Fatigue and general sluggishness
Unexplained weight gain
Increased sensitivity to cold
Pain, stiffness or swelling in joints
Achy muscles and muscle weakness
Heavy menstrual periods
Elevated blood cholesterol level
Brittle hair and nails
Hyperthyroidism: An Overactive Thyroid
With hyperthyroidism, your body produces too much thyroid hormone, leading to issues such as
Nervousness, anxiety and irritability Increased perspiration
Increased bowel movements
Fine, brittle hair
Muscle weakness, especially in the upper arms or thighs
Your diet plays a role in the health of your thyroid. There are some specific nutrients like iodine,zinc,iron,copper,selenium etc. that your thyroid depends on and should be included in diet,and certain foods like cruciferous vegetables,aspartame etc. that should be avoided to protect your thyroid.
Certain dietary and lifestyle modifications,as advised by Gurgaon's experienced dietitian Dr. Tanju
, incorporating certain Ayurvedic Herbs help you to maintain your T3,T4,TSH levels with in limits. You can visit few thyroid management recipes advised by her at following pages -
Barley veg soup